View Black River Local Schools

Hand, Foot and Mouth~In Elementary Building Kindergarten & First Grade levels.

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease In Your Child’s School

Definition

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is a mild, but highly contagious viral infection common in young children. Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is characterized by sores in the mouth and a rash on the hands and feet. It spreads from person to person, usually through unwashed hands or contaminated surfaces. The most common cause of hand-foot-and-mouth disease is coxsackievirus infection.

Symptoms

 

The signs and symptoms of hand-foot-and-mouth disease include:

§  Fever

§  Sore throat

§  Painful red blister-like lesions on the tongue, mouth, palms of the hands or soles of the feet                   

§  Headache

§  Fatigue

§  Irritability in infants and toddlers

§  Loss of appetite

The usual period from initial infection to the onset of signs and symptoms (incubation period) is three to seven days. Fever is often the first sign of hand-foot-and-mouth disease, followed by a sore throat and sometimes a poor appetite and the feeling of being sick (malaise). One or two days after fever begins, painful sores may develop in the mouth or throat. Rash on the hands and feet can follow within one or two days, and may also appear on the buttocks. Hand-foot-and-mouth disease may cause all of the above signs and symptoms or just a few of them.

Treatments and drugs

There's no specific treatment for hand-foot-and-mouth disease, and antibiotics aren't effective because it's a viral infection. The illness simply must run its course. To help lessen discomfort, doctors often recommend:

§  Rest, increase fluids- milk-based fluids may be easier to tolerate than acidic liquids, such as juice or soda. Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), if needed

Signs and symptoms of hand-foot-and-mouth disease usually clear up in seven to 10 days.

Prevention

Certain precautions can help to reduce the chances of infection with hand-foot-and-mouth disease:

§  Wash hands carefully.

§  Disinfect common areas.

§  Teach good hygiene.

§  Isolate contagious people.

Because hand-foot-and-mouth disease is highly contagious, people with the illness should limit their exposure to others while they have active signs and symptoms. Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is most contagious during the first week of illness. However, it may spread for weeks after signs and symptoms have disappeared. Keep children with hand-foot-and-mouth disease out of child care or school until fever is gone and mouth sores have healed. If you have the illness, stay home from work. 

Strep Throat Is Rearing it's Ugly Head

What is Strep throat?
Strep throat and Scarlet fever (a rash that sometimes accompanies strep throat) are caused by the beta hemolytic streptococcus, type A bacteria. The organisms are spread by contact with secretions from the mouth and nose of infected persons. The incubation is short, usually 2 to 5 days. Infected persons are considered contagious until 24 hours after antibiotic treatment is begun.
 
What are the signs and symptoms or strep throat?
The signs and symptoms include sore throat, fever, swollen glands under the jaw and in the neck, and pus pockets on the tonsils. Vomiting and stomach pain may also occur. Additionally, with scarlet fever there is a fine, red, sandpapery skin rash.
What should I do if I think my child has strep throat?
 
If a sore throat is suspected, if would be recommended to go ahead and seek medical care.
A throat culture will be done to determine the diagnosis. If the culture is positive, a ten-day course of an antibiotic, is prescribed. The child should be out of school until 24 hours of antibiotic therapy is received and condition improved to return to school. If the culture is negative, the cause is probably viral and the treatment is warm salt water gargles, force fluids, rest, and Tylenol.
 
Can strep throat be prevented?
YES! Frequent handwashing, plenty of rest, and adequate diet will to go far to protect your child against strep throat and other germs which tend to be more prevalent this time of year. Be careful not to share cups or utensils that can also lead to the spread of germs.
 
*REMEMBER ALL STUDENTS NEED TO BE FEVER FREE FOR 24 HOURS WITH NO MEDICATION ON BOARD BEFORE RETURNING TO SCHOOL. 
View text-based website